This is an orphanage, nursery and captive breeding ground for wild Asian elephants located at Pinnawala village, Pinnawala village is on a 25-acre (10 ha) coconut plantation adjacent to the Maha Oya River.
Pinnawalla is notable for having the largest herd of captive elephants in the world. In 2011, there were 88 elephants, including 37 males and 51 females from 3 generations, living in Pinnawala.
The orphanage was originally founded in order to afford care and protection to many of the orphaned unweaned wild elephants found wandering in and near the forests of Sri Lanka. It was established in 1975 by the Sri Lanka Department of Wildlife Conservation (DWC).